You must file a Form 1040 is you are a US Person (US citizens, Green Card holders and resident Aliens), no matter where you live or if you pay taxes in a foreign Country.
Normally the deadline for filing is April 15th but this year has been extended for everybody until July 15th 2020.
You need to know that if your filing status is Single, you must file the return if your gross worldwide income was at least $12,200 and if you are Married Filing Separately the threshold is only $5.
A new law passed in December 2019 has extended tax breaks but also caused delays for many 2019 forms, instructions, and publications. These new changes are separate from the big ones that went into effect in 2018 from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. That law also has some updates for 2019.
The rates remain the same this year, ranging from 10% to 37%. The tax brackets, or income ranges, increased slightly for inflation.
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The Child Tax Credit now reduces your taxes up to $2,000 per child under 17. (This change went into effect last year.) Many more families now qualify for the credit as income limits have gone up to $200,000 for individual filers (the same as last year and up from $75,000 two years ago) and $400,000 for married filing jointly (the same as last year and up from $110,000 two years ago)
This is a “refundable” credit, meaning you can get up to $1,400 per child back even if your 2019 tax bill is $0. You must claim the credit on your tax return to get it.
Any child you claim for the Child Tax Credit must now have a Social Security number. They must have the number by the due date of your tax return (including extensions).
You can also claim the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion
In most of the cases, it is mandatory to file and pay taxes in Spain first and offset those taxes paid in the US with the Foreign Tax Credit (FTC), which can be used according to the Treaty Between the U.S.A. and Spain to avoid double taxation.
Schedule B is required if you had a financial interest in or signature authority over a financial account in a foreign country at any time during 2018.
You might also be required to file Form 5471 (Information Return of U.S. Persons with Respect To Certain Foreign Corporations, if you are officer, director and/or shareholder (more than 10%) of certain foreign corporations, to report the current status of the foreign corporation. And Form 8621 (Information Return by a Shareholder of a Passive Foreign Investment Company or Qualified Electing Fund) if you are shareholder of a Passive Foreign Investment Company (PFICs) or Qualified Electing Fund (=Fondos de inversión). A single Form 8621 must be file for each Mutual Fund. Remember that the increase of value during the year will be taxed as ordinary income. Pension funds are excluded from the Form 8621.
The IRS recommends contacting experienced Tax Preparers, like us, to be sure that you are filing your 1040 properly and completely.